Department of Radiology
Breast Imaging Division
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A screening mammogram is an X-ray of the breast used to detect breast changes in women who have no signs or symptoms of a breast abnormality or problem. A regular schedule of screening mammograms offers women the best way of detecting cancerous and pre-cancerous conditions early, when treatment can be most effective.
A diagnostic mammogram is an x-ray of the breast that is performed to evaluate a specific problem or symptom in the breast. Diagnostic Mammograms may be used to evaluate changes found during a Screening Mammogram, or for women who feel a lump or other breast abnormality.
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A breast ultrasound uses sound waves to image the breast. A breast ultrasound is used to see whether a breast lump is filled with fluid (cyst) or if it is a solid lump. An ultrasound does not replace the need for a mammogram; it is often used along with a mammogram to check a problem in the breast.
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Many indications including evaluation of women with new diagnosis of breast cancer, and screening women at high risk for breast cancer
Breast MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging) uses a powerful magnetic field, radio waves and a computer to produce images of the breast. MRI of the breast is not a replacement for mammography or ultrasound but rather a supplemental tool for detecting and staging breast cancer and other breast abnormalities. Breast MRIs may be helpful in certain women who are at high risk for developing breast cancer in their lifetime and may have value for women with breast cancer.
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Ultrasound Guided — During an ultrasound-guided biopsy, small samples of tissue are removed from the breast using a hollow core needle with or without a vacuum-assisted device that is precisely guided to the correct location using continuous ultrasound imaging.
Stereotactic Biopsy — During a stereotactic biopsy, a special mammogram machine is used to guide a needle to the location of abnormality in the breast.
MRI Guided Biopsy — Using MRI guidance to locate the abnormality in the breast, Radiologists remove samples of tissue using a vacuum-assisted device.
Fine Needle Aspiration — Using ultrasound guidance a fine needle is inserted into the area of concern and either fluid or a small amount of tissue is drawn out. This sample is sent to Cytology for evaluation to determine if cells/tissue are normal or abnormal.
Cyst Aspiration — Under ultrasound guidance a fine needle is placed into a liquid filled cyst to aspirate (take out) the fluid. In some situations, the sample of fluid is sent to Cytology for evaluation to determine if cells within the fluid are normal or abnormal.
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