Thomas Jefferson UniversityJefferson Medical College

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Glossary of Diseases

Related Diseases & Conditions

Allergy.    Specialists in Jefferson's Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine deliver comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic services for the entire spectrum of diseases that affect the respiratory system, including allergies.

Anemia. (Iron Deficiency)   Physicians of Jefferson's Department of Family Medicine will conduct a thorough examination and order blood tests to diagnose your condition. If your care warrants input from specialists, our hematologists and pulmonologists can aid in the diagnosis and treatment of anemia.

Asbestosis.    Although there is no cure for asbestosis (prevention is the best therapy), Jefferson pulmonologists can clearly establish a diagnosis and offer assistance with interaction with employers and disability benefits.

Asthma.    Despite careful management, there may come a time when you or someone you care about has an asthma attack that does not resolve with medication; seek emergency medical assistance immediately. Jefferson's Department of Emergency Medicine offers world-class emergency services 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

Bronchiectasis.    Pulmonologists at Jefferson can diagnosis bronchiectasis by performing a series of tests and, based on the results, recommend the most effective treatment course to control the infection and relieve airway obstruction.

Bronchiolitis.    An inflammation of bronchioles – the small airways of the lung – is known as bronchiolitis. Jefferson pulmonologists will help to identify a cause and offer therapies that will help improve the disease.

Chronic Bronchitis.    While chronic bronchitis can be a symptom of many underlying conditions such as tuberculosis or another lung disease, it is most often caused by smoking. Jefferson pulmonologists deliver comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic services for the entire spectrum of diseases that affect the respiratory system.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.    Although damage from COPD can be permanent and irreversible, Jefferson pulmonologists, physiatrists (rehabilitation medicine doctors) and therapists can work with you to deliver comprehensive diagnostic, treatment and rehabilitation services.

Cystic Fibrosis.    Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited disease that causes thick, sticky mucus to build up in the lungs and digestive tract. It is one of the most common chronic lung diseases in children and young adults and may result in early death. The experienced team of Jefferson's Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine can provide personalized care to help improve your quality of life.

Dyspnea.    Dyspnea can be a symptom of many serious diseases affecting the lungs, the heart, circulation, blood or represent general ill health. If you're receiving care at Jefferson University Hospitals, our pulmonologists will evaluate your condition and recommend the appropriate treatment.

Emphysema.    If you are living with emphysema, the main type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), specialists of Jefferson's Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine can deliver comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic services for this chronic and debilitating condition.

Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis.    Hypersensitivity pneumonitis can be diagnosed by pulmonologists at Jefferson, who may order tests such as a chest X-ray and pulmonary function test.

Influenza.    If your breathing issues are not critical but you feel you need additional care, specialists in Jefferson's Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine deliver comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic services for the entire spectrum of diseases that affect the respiratory system.

Interstitial Lung Disease.    If you or someone you care for has interstitial lung disease (also known as pulmonary fibrosis), turn to the pulmonary specialists in Jefferson's Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine. Our physicians deliver comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic services for the entire spectrum of diseases that affect the respiratory system.

Lung Cancer.    Lung cancer can present as a lump, a mass or a nodule on a chest X-ray. Sometimes these can be detected incidentally on an X-ray. Jefferson's Pulmonary Nodule Clinic is a unique program that systematically evaluates, manages and diagnoses patients with shadows on the X-ray. Early detection and diagnosis is exceptionally important for good outcomes.

Pulmonary Lung Nodule.    Your doctor has told you that you have a pulmonary nodule. This means that a spot has been found on one of the lobes of your lungs. Pulmonary is a medical word, meaning lungs. Nodule means a spot on the pictures taken of your lungs that does not look like normal lung tissue or blood vessels. A nodule may also be called a lesion. The pictures of your lungs were either taken with an x-ray, a CT scanner, or another type of machine that can take pictures of your internal organs. The nodule may range in size, from something the size of a grain of rice, if it is found with CT scan, to the size of a walnut or bigger, if it is found with chest x-ray.

Occupational Lung Disease.    If you have been diagnosed with a lung disease that is related to exposures to asbestos, coal dust, silica or other work-related conditions, turn to the pulmonary specialists in Jefferson's Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine. The Division has special programs in asthma, emphysema and lung disease and enjoys a national reputation in asthma research and in the management of difficult asthmatic conditions.

Pleural Effusion.    When fluid accumulates in the pleural space (outside the lungs in the lining of the chest cavity), it is known as pleural effusion. It can make breathing more difficult, causing you to cough along with rapid breathing and windedness. To determine the cause of pleural effusion, seek the expertise of pulmonologists at Jefferson.

Pneumonia.    If you are experiencing symptoms of pneumonia, turn to the specialists in Jefferson's Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, where our physicians utilize comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic services for the entire spectrum of diseases that affect the respiratory system.

Primary Pulmonary Hypertension.    Jefferson physicians are experienced in accurately diagnosing and treating primary pulmonary hypertension. Specialists in pulmonary disease and cardiology collaborate to devise personalized treatment plans that typically include medications.

Pulmonary Embolism.    The medical team at the Jefferson Vascular Center has the specialized expertise to treat a pulmonary embolism before it becomes a potentially life-threatening condition.

Pulmonary Fibrosis.    Although there are is no cure for pulmonary fibrosis, our pulmonologists can work with you to reduce the inflammation and help you exercise without breathing difficulty and identify the optimal timing for lung transplantation.

Pulmonary Function Tests.   Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are a battery of breathing measurements that help to quantify the functioning of the lungs in terms of airflow, lung volumes, and gas exchange.  These are non-invasive tests that most patients can easily perform in either an outpatient setting or in the office.

Pulmonary Sarcoidosis.    If you have been diagnosed with pulmonary sarcoidosis, you want treatment by experts in lung disease who will not only provide the necessary treatment but will help you manage this rare disease so that you do not develop more serious conditions.