Thomas Jefferson University
Sidney Kimmel Medical College
Asano-Gonnella Center for Research in Medical Education & Health Care

Hojat, Mohammadreza

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Mohammadreza Hojat, PhD

Mohammadreza Hojat, PhD

Contact Dr. Hojat

1015 Walnut Street
Curtis Building, Suite 320
Philadelphia, PA 19107

(215) 955-9459
(215) 923-6939 fax

Dr. Mohammadreza Hojat is Research Professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior and Director of the Jefferson Longitu­dinal Study at the Center. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Hojat is a licensed psychologist, and in addition to medical education research, other areas of his research interest include empathy in health professions education and patient care, inter-professional collaboration, physician lifelong learning, psychosocial factors in academic and professional performance, mother-child attachment and personal qualities, psychodynamics of loneliness, cross-cultural studies, and personality development and measurement.

Dr. Hojat has led the development of 10 psychometrically sound instruments for the assessment of medical education and patient outcomes and professional development, which have contributed greatly to research in personal qualities of physicians-in-training and in-practice. He has more than 35 years of experience in educational and psychological research, and has published over 200 articles in peer reviewed journals and 13 book chapters on educational, psychological and social issues in general, and in medical education and patient care in particular. He is a manuscript referee for several American and European professional journals, and has served as a guest co-editor for thematic issues of the Journal of Social Behavior and Personality on loneliness (1987, Volume 2, No. 2, Part 2), Academic Medicine on assessment measures in medical school and beyond (1993, Volume 68, No. 2, February Supplement); and section coeditor of the Evaluation & the Health Professions on medical education and changes in health care (1999, Volume 22, No. 2, pp.149-220).

Dr. Hojat's research on measurment, development, erosion, enhancement, and correlates of empathy in health professions education and patient care has received broad media coverage, featured in the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Philadelphia Inquirer, and on NPR and television program segments.

Dr. Hojat is a coauthor of two books: Lonliness: Theory, Research, and Applications (Springer, 1987), and Assessment Measures in Medical School, Residency, and Practice: The Connections (Springer, 1993), and a monograph: Personality Assessments and Outcomes in Medical Education and Practice of Medicine (AMEE Guide 79, 2014). The original edition of Dr. Hojat's book: Empathy in Patient Care: Antecedents Development and Outcomes was published by Springer in 2007. The expanded and updated edition of his seminal book under a new title: Empathy in Health in Health Professions Education and Patient Care was released by Springer in 2016. 


Most Recent Peer-Reviewed Publications

  1. Empathy in medicine: National norms for the jefferson scale of empathy: A nationwide project in osteopathic medical education and empathy (POMEE)
  2. Standardized Patient Assessment of Medical Student Empathy: Ethnicity and Gender Effects in a Multi-Institutional Study
  3. Viewpoint of nurses on inter-professional relationship between nurses and doctors
  4. Residents' and standardized patients' perspectives on empathy: Issues of agreement
  5. Correlates and changes in empathy and attitudes toward interprofessional collaboration in osteopathic medical students
  6. Enhancing and sustaining empathy in medical students
  7. Personality assessments and outcomes in medical education and the practice of medicine: AMEE Guide No. 79
  8. Psychostimulant drug abuse and personality factors in medical students
  9. Editorial: Empathy and Health Care Quality
  10. Psychometrics of the scale of attitudes toward physician-pharmacist collaboration: A study with medical students
  11. Physician lifelong learning: Conceptualization, measurement, and correlates in full-time clinicians, academic clinicians, and medical students
  12. Measurement and correlates of empathy among female Japanese physicians
  13. The Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy: A preliminary psychometric study and group comparisons in Korean physicians
  14. Medical education, social accountability and patient outcomes
  15. Impact of a workshop about aging on the empathy scores of pharmacy and medical students
  16. The Empathy Enigma: An Empirical Study of Decline in Empathy Among Undergraduate Nursing Students
  17. The relationship between physician empathy and disease complications: An empirical study of primary care physicians and their diabetic patients in Parma, Italy
  18. Physician lifelong learning: Conceptualization, measurement, and correlates in full-time clinicians and academic clinicians
  19. Measuring empathy in healthcare profession students using the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy: Health provider - Student version
  20. A brief instrument to measure patients' overall satisfaction with primary care physicians