Thomas Jefferson University
Sidney Kimmel Medical College
Asano-Gonnella Center for Research in Medical Education & Health Care

Hojat, Mohammadreza

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Mohammadreza Hojat, PhD

Mohammadreza Hojat, PhD

Contact Dr. Hojat

1015 Walnut Street
Curtis Building, Suite 320
Philadelphia, PA 19107

(215) 955-9459
(215) 923-6939 fax

Dr. Mohammadreza Hojat is Research Professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior and Director of the Jefferson Longitu­dinal Study at the Center. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Hojat is a licensed psychologist, and in addition to medical education research, other areas of his research interest include empathy in health professions education and patient care, inter-professional collaboration, physician lifelong learning, psychosocial factors in academic and professional performance, mother-child attachment and personal qualities, psychodynamics of loneliness, cross-cultural studies, and personality development and measurement.

Dr. Hojat has led the development of 10 psychometrically sound instruments for the assessment of medical education and patient outcomes and professional development, which have contributed greatly to research in personal qualities of physicians-in-training and in-practice. He has more than 35 years of experience in educational and psychological research, and has published over 200 articles in peer reviewed journals and 13 book chapters on educational, psychological and social issues in general, and in medical education and patient care in particular. He is a manuscript referee for several American and European professional journals, and has served as a guest co-editor for thematic issues of the Journal of Social Behavior and Personality on loneliness (1987, Volume 2, No. 2, Part 2), Academic Medicine on assessment measures in medical school and beyond (1993, Volume 68, No. 2, February Supplement); and section coeditor of the Evaluation & the Health Professions on medical education and changes in health care (1999, Volume 22, No. 2, pp.149-220).

Dr. Hojat's research on measurment, development, erosion, enhancement, and correlates of empathy in health professions education and patient care has received broad media coverage, featured in the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Philadelphia Inquirer, and on NPR and television program segments.

Dr. Hojat is a coauthor of two books: Lonliness: Theory, Research, and Applications (Springer, 1987), and Assessment Measures in Medical School, Residency, and Practice: The Connections (Springer, 1993), and a monograph: Personality Assessments and Outcomes in Medical Education and Practice of Medicine (AMEE Guide 79, 2014). The original edition of Dr. Hojat's book: Empathy in Patient Care: Antecedents Development and Outcomes was published by Springer in 2007. The expanded and updated edition of his seminal book under a new title: Empathy in Health in Health Professions Education and Patient Care was released by Springer in 2016. 


Most Recent Peer-Reviewed Publications

  1. Empathy as related to gender, age, race and ethnicity, academic background and career interest: A nationwide study of osteopathic medical students in the United States
  2. Does Empathy Decline in the Clinical Phase of Medical Education? A Nationwide, Multi-Institutional, Cross-Sectional Study of Students at DO-Granting Medical Schools
  3. Physician Empathy and Diabetes Outcomes
  4. Empathy in medicine: National norms for the jefferson scale of empathy: A nationwide project in osteopathic medical education and empathy (POMEE)
  5. Can communication skills training improve empathy? A six-year longitudinal study of medical students in Japan
  6. The Jefferson Scale of Empathy: a nationwide study of measurement properties, underlying components, latent variable structure, and national norms in medical students
  7. Change in empathy in medical school
  8. In Reply to Quinn and Zelenski
  9. Enhancing student empathetic engagement, history-taking, and communication skills during electronic medical record use in patient care
  10. What Matters More about the Interpersonal Reactivity Index and the Jefferson Scale of Empathy? Their Underlying Constructs or Their Relationships with Pertinent Measures of Clinical Competence and Patient Outcomes?
  11. Evaluating the relationship between participation in student-run free clinics and changes in empathy in medical students
  12. Attitudes Toward Collaboration Among Practitioners in Newly Established Medical Homes: A Survey of Nurses, General Practitioners, and Specialists
  13. Effect of medical education on empathy in osteopathic medical students
  14. Correlation between standardize patients’ perceptions of osteopathic medical students and students’ self-rated empathy
  15. Empathy in health professions education and patient care
  16. Can empathy, other personality attributes, and level of positive social influence in medical school identify potential leaders in medicine?
  17. Standardized Patient Assessment of Medical Student Empathy: Ethnicity and Gender Effects in a Multi-Institutional Study
  18. Eleven years of data on the jefferson scale of empathy-medical student version (JSE-S): Proxy norm data and tentative cutoff scores
  19. Iranian College Students’ Attitudes Toward Premarital Sex, Marriage, and Family Before and After the Islamic Revolution
  20. Identifying potential engaging leaders within medical education: The role of positive influence on peers